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2021 Vol.30, Issue 3 Preview Page

Research Paper

September 2021. pp. 395-433
This paper aims to examine the effects of homeownership and residential types on the economic values of urban green spaces. Green open spaces as public goods provide positive externalities that are comprised of pecuniary and technological externalities. Seoul, South Korea, is used as a case study using choice experiments, with split-sample online respondents of 1,000. The study results evidenced that the differentiation between the two types of externalities is imperative for equitable provisions and efficient management of various urban open spaces. There is a positively significant and substantial impact of homeownership for apartment dwellers, ceteris paribus, but not for house dwellers. For apartments, the efficiency loss can be reduced by increasing green spaces up to the critical point where the marginal cost is at equilibrium with tenants’ marginal values. For non-apartment houses, it is not homeownership but the monthly household income that has a significant impact on the amenity value. In general, public benefits from green spaces are equivalent to 16% to 33% of the current residential prices on average for a view or access. Different residential types do not cause a significant impact on the access values. Residential profiles for green spaces were developed, together with tailor-made policy suggestions.
본 논문의 목적은 주택 소유 여부와 주택유형이 도시녹지공간의 경제가치에 주는 효과를 검증하는 것이다. 공공재로서 녹지공간은 양의 외부효과를 제공하는데, 화폐 외부효과와 기술 외부효과로 나누어진다. 서울을 사례연구 대상지로 하여 선택실험을 진행하였고, 1,000명으로 구성된 온라인 표본을 분석하였다. 분석 결과에 의하면 형평성과 효율성을 고려하여 다양한 유형의 도시녹지를 관리하기 위해서는 두 가지 형태의 외부효과를 차별화하는 것이 매우 중요하다. 모든 조건이 같은 경우에, 아파트 거주자들은 소유 여부가 녹지공간의 경제가치에 양의 유의함을 보여준 반면, 일반주택 거주자들은 그러한 영향이 없었다. 아파트의 경우 세입자들이 느끼는 한계가치와 한계비용이 일치하는 균형점까지 녹지공간을 확장하여 사중손실을 저감할 수 있다. 이와는 상반되게 일반주택의 경우에는 소유 여부가 아니라 가구소득이 어메니티 가치에 유의한 영향을 주었다. 녹지공간의 공적 편익(지불의사액)은 평균적으로 현재 거주지 가격의 16%에서 33% 정도까지 조망이나 접근성의 형태로 구체화되었다. 녹지 접근성의 가치에는 거주지유형의 차이가 유의한 영향을 주지 않았다. 녹지공간을 위한 거주자 프로파일과 정책제언을 제시하였다.
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  • Publisher :Korea Resource Economics Association · Korea Environmental Economics Association
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국자원경제학회·한국환경경제학회
  • Journal Title :자원·환경경제연구
  • Journal Title(Ko) :Environmental and Resource Economics Review
  • Volume : 30
  • No :3
  • Pages :395-433